List environments like itemize can be customized.

Itemize with small item spacing:

\item ITEM1
\item ITEM2

All available lengths

Length Description
\topsep Vertival space before and after list environment
\itemsep Vertical space between lines
\parsep Vertical space between paragraphs inside an item
\partopsep Vertical space before list environment if it starts a new paragraph

NOTE: You will not be able to modify topsep and partopsep inside a list environment because the space was already added at that point.

NOTE: The default values of these lengths depend on the depth of the list environment.

See Dense Lists for an example how to modify topsep and partopsep

Horizontal Rule

Include an horizontal rule in your text:


Floating environments allow you to have Figures to be placed automatically in sensible places by LaTeX.


Files generated by LaTeX


The Comprehensive TeX Archive Network (CTAN) is a valuable resources for everything related to TeX including distributions, packages and documentation.

Whitepaper About User Profile Management

As application delivery scenarios grow increasingly complex, user profile management becomes even more of an issue than in times of server-based computing.There is a whole market focussing on managing a user’s environment. One aspect of these efforts is to handle a user’s personal settings which sepagoPROFILE solely concentrates on.

PKI Guide

This document offers a practical introduction to Public Key Infrastructures and the fundamental technologies which are involved. After a formal outline of PKI, two popular implementations are discussed: X.509 PKI and OpenPGP PKI. Every aspect and every task is demonstrated using commands that are based either on the OpenSSL library or the GnuPG command line tool.

How TermSrvCopyKeyOnce Influences Shadow Keys

Windows Server with Terminal Services usually runs in execute mode to serve applications. Whenever a new application is being installed, this must be done in install mode for Windows to monitor write operations affecting HKEY_CURRENT_USER. Switching between install and execute mode is performed by change user as described in MS KB 186504 - Terminal Server Commands: CHANGE. All changes to HKEY_CURRENT_USER are then shadowed to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Terminal Server\Install, hence the name shadow keys. These keys are copied to a user’s HKEY_CURRENT_USER hive during logon.

Welcome to My Blog

I proudly present my blog and … no content, yet. I am currently preparing the first article to be published in the course of the next few days, so stay tuned. In the meantime please subscribe to the RSS feed ;-)

Perl Performance Considerations

As stated earlier in avoiding regular expressions, it may beneficial to avoid regexes to improve performance. The following code demonstrates five different ways to split a string.